The Eastern most region, North-East India is the
bottle-neck of the country comprising eight states: Assam, Meghalaya,Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim. The North-East India has got the most colourful demographic variety based on different cultures, communities, religion and an overall impact of modernization on its population. The same time, there is rich natural treasure, with availability of crude oil and flaura
Regarding development of human resources of the region, a lot of aspects must be taken in to account: a) Health and physical availability, b) Skill and training and technology, c) Attitude and spirit, and practical effort of the local people.
The capitalization of the human abilities need proper use of natural resources and making people physically and mentally fit for production and economic prosperity. North-East India demands more attention in agricultural sectors in this respect. The peasantry folks and their siblings are no less good than those who are engaged in jobs and businesses. They need only more attention and proper care, focusing on their hidden abilities. For the p roper nourishment of children and for making them ‘man power’ parents must be conscious and upgraded financially to prosper on and standardize their ways of living. Keeping into consideration, availability and limitations of natural resources, technology and management capability must be generated in the agricultural zone. Health, proper sanitization and nutrition, medical facilities should be provided to the people living in rural areas.
All the states of North-East India are rapidly growing states. People are educated at a fast rate. But as we know, at the same time, creates unemployment problem. Educated youngster are reluctant to step into the mud of agricultural fields but interested in jobs and other ways of earning livelihood. A discouraging matter it is, indeed, as the govt. is not being able to create more jobs in different sectors. In urban areas, however, unemployment problem is emerging higher than in rural areas.
North-East rural India comprises of 40,000 villages, with 80% of the total population. Settlements and sizes of villages vary from region to region. Assam has the two/third of villages among all states. In hill states, the size of village depends on availability of flat agricultural and the clan structure of a society.
A neglected region for a long time in terms of economic and social development North-East India has but lots of possibilities for enterprise. In agricultural sectors, more strategies and planning are needed for proper socio-economic sprouts and for increasing productivity and farmers income level. So that educated people don’t migrate to urban areas and over populate there, employment opportunities must be created in rural areas. Farmers should be well trained up to access technology to have expected profit in agriculture and horticulture. Farming system needs to be commercialized.
The North-East states, though naturally rich, are prove to earth-quakes, devastating flood, etc. however, tourists are easily attracted to its natural beauty, and hospitality of the local inhabitants and their simple life-style. The Ministry of Tourism has already The Rural Scheme for developing rural economy. Out of 186 villages, 56 villages are sanctioned under this scheme. Globalization has enhanced connectivity. Improvements of trade & tourism increase possibilities for growth for growth and welfare of the society.
It is the time to showcase the regions bountiful natural collages, cultural tapestry, grand rivers, forest harbours. It is the time to look beyond tradition. Internet facilities and mobile subscribers have created opportunities for institutions. Banking facilities such ATM, credit-cards, debit-cards, internet banking, mobile banking are provided. It is time to explore within and outside and to meet out to the issues, and challenges.
The North-East region bears a good future in respect of mineral resources. Its immense potential in economic terms has come under observation of the scanner.
Not being a uniform terrain, North-East India however possesses mineral resources hidden in the bowels of earth, the most amount is still unexplored. Many surveys have been conducted by The Geological Survey of India. Due to the diversity in composition and character of terrain, the distribution of minerals is not uniform in the North-East.
The exploration of mineral resources has become a controversial issue fuelling ethnic conflicts among the tribes in the region claiming over the limited economic assets. Which are an outcome of scarce economic development and limited opportunities. The rising economic gap signifies a sense of neglect by policy-makers in New Delhi and it has been an issue for contention for outfits revolting against the government. The centre is blamed for being insensitive towards the region, both by local political leaders and the militant outfits. While there is no paucity of funds, the absence of development work in the region is either due to lack of skilled entrepreneurship on political corruption. While some developmental changes have indeed taken place in the region, the present policy framework has not been able to provide the basic requirements for dynamic development.
At the same time the region being isolated from rest of the country has not been able to attract investors on skilled labour and entrepreneurial resources. It has failed to transform even the primitive agricultural practices of the region into modern commercial agriculture. In addition, the region has not received the attention of the central government in building the required essential infrastructure for progress. All this has alienated the North East from the mainland has become prime factor for the continuance insurgency in the region.
- McClelland, David (1961) The Achieving Society, The Free Press, New York.
- Myrdal, Gunnar (1972) Asian Drama
- The Theory of the Leisure Class, New American Library, New York.
- North-East India: Land, People and Economy, K. R. Dikshit,Jutta K. Dikshit
- Das Gupta AB, Biswas AK (2000) Geology of Assam. GSI, Bangalore